The famous square of the "Three Stations" or Komsomolskaya, one of the places in Moscow where travelers initially get by rail. There are only 9 railway stations in the Russian capital, but we focused our attention on the Kazan Railway Station from this famous square. In this article, we will tell you a little about its history, features, routes, and other useful information for travelers.
Kazansky Railway Station is one of the largest railway passenger terminals in Europe. Its history begins in 1982, when the railway section was operated to Ryazan, which served as its original name. It was a wooden structure that caused passengers a lot of inconvenience. Unfinished platforms were forced to simply jump out of the cars, or it was necessary to remove passengers from the ladder of the car on their hands. Two years later, the Ryazan railway Station acquired a stone structure. The original architectural solutions were absent in both buildings, so they did not carry their cultural value. After that, the railway service was extended to Kazan, and a new story began at the station. Since the end of the 19th century, the station and the road were renamed. The completed terminals did not solve the issues of passenger service and increasing the flow.
There was a special approach to the construction of the new building, many projects were rejected. And only by 1911, in this complex solution, the proposed version of the architect Shchusev A.V. won. Of course, it was not a quick process. Preparatory work began a year later, and the first stage of construction of the stone building lasted until 1926. Of course, the beginning of the First World War, other social and political events of the country did not allow many plans to be realized. The final work was completed by 1940, then the building was expected to be reconstructed and restored after the Second World War. After that, new buildings appeared, which with their three facades overlook Kalanchevskaya Square, Ryazan Passage and Novoryazanskaya Street. Kazansky Railway Station is considered to be the largest railway complex and is one of the attractions of the city. The last restoration took place in 2016.
The main dominant feature of the station is a tower with a height of 73 meters, similar to the Syuyumbike tower of the Kazan Kremlin. The tower is crowned with the figure of the serpent Zilant, which is also an ancient symbol of Kazan. To the left of the main tower is a low tower with a clock, on the dial of which the signs of the Zodiac are depicted. Passenger and ticket halls, a restaurant and other railway station premises are not represented as a single structure, but as a group of heterogeneous buildings united by a vertical tiered tower. A kind of building-a fairy tale, extremely decorative, picturesque. In front of the building is a monument to the creators of the Russian railways. Above is a bust of Nicholas I, who signed the decree on the construction of the Moscow-St. Petersburg road.
From its platforms, trains depart in three directions: east, south, and south-east. About 100 long-distance trains and more than 150 commuter trains are poisoned daily from the station. More than 4 million people pass through the station every year.
Trains depart from Kazansky Railway Station to the following destinations: Agryz, Adler, Anapa, Arzamas, Armavir, Vladikavkaz, Voronezh, Vosstanie, Grozny, Gryazi-Voronezhskie, Yekaterinburg, Zeleny Dol, Izhevsk, Yoshkar-Ola, Kazan, Kamenskaya, Kanash, Kislovodsk, Kovylkino, Krasnodar, Liski, Makhachkala, Mineralnye Vody, Michurinsk-Raven, Murom, Navashino, Nazran, Nevinnomysskaya, Novorossiysk, Orenburg, Orsk, Penza, Pridacha, Rostov, Ruzaevka, Ryazan, Samara, Saransk, Sasovo, Sergach, Sochi, Syzran, Tolyatti, Ulyanovsk, Ufa, Cheboksary, Chelyabinsk, Shakhtnaya, Sumerlya and other routes.
The station is located at Komsomolskaya pl., 2. You can get to it by any convenient means. The most popular is by metro. You can get to the stations "Paveletskaya", "Kievskaya", "Belorusskaya" and "Kurskaya". Please note that you need to orient yourself correctly at the entrance — all these stations are transfer stations and have landings in other directions. But even if you suddenly went to the wrong train station, Yaroslavsky and Leningradsky are within walking distance. Of course, you can use the services of any of the taxi aggregators, which will help you get there quickly with your things. Consider traffic jams when planning this way. You can also get to the station by any public transport, including the night bus (buses: 40, A, 122; trolleybuses: 14, 22, 41, 88; trams: 7, 13, 37, 50). In a word, it will be easy to get there, only in the metro you can get slightly confused with the signs, be careful.
The station itself provides a number of basic services. Such as luggage storage, sanitary and hygienic services, wireless Internet, VIP support, business halls, accommodation services and much more. In addition, on the territory of the station there are various cafes and shops, a barber shop, communication salons, baby changing rooms and other amenities for passengers.
Kazansky railway Station does not have some strong number of advantages over many in terms of services and entertainment. Its main feature is its appearance, which makes this place a unique Moscow attraction. But this is the most grandiose, most versatile and longest railway station to build. Therefore, even if you are just passing by, take a look at it, it is an interesting building that will leave a small but interesting imprint on your walk around Moscow.